All citizens and persons born in the Vesey Republic are treated equal before the law. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or curtailed by any Vesey Republic national, regional, or local government body. The Vesey Republic's Estate Parliament and First Prime Minister's office shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation and executive action, the provisions of this article.
Every woman has the fundamental right to obtain a safe, affordable, and legal abortion before or after viability.
The free communication of ideas and opinions is an indispensable right of the Commons. The Vesey Estate Parliament shall make no law prohibiting the freedom of speech or censoring of the press. Every citizen may speak, write, and print freely, but shall be responsible for any abuses of these freedoms as defined by law. The Commons have the right to peacefully assemble in public spaces and submit petitions of its grievances to the government.
The Vesey Estates Parliament shall make no law establishing a state religion. The Commons of the Vesey Republic shall be free to practice any religious preference desired or express no religious preference.
The Vesey Republic Commons have the right to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures. No warrants shall be issued for searches or seizure of the Commons' property without the demonstration of probable cause to conduct searches, a description of the places to be searched, and designation of the persons or things to be seized.
No person shall be charged with a capital or serious crime without a finding that probable cause exists, or that a crime has been committed as determined by an indictment of a jury of the accused peers.
No person shall be subject to double jeopardy for the same offence; nor shall any person be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against themselves, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
In all criminal trials the accused is entitled to a fair and speedy public trial by an impartial jury in the appropriate jurisdiction where the crime was committed. The accused has the right to be informed of the charges, to confront witnesses against them, to have witnesses in their favor, and to have the assistance of an officer of the law.
In federal civil suits, the right of a trial by jury shall be preserved.
Excessive bail and excessive fines shall not be imposed. Cruel and unusual punishments shall not be inflicted.
The Commons have the right to require of every Vesey Republic government agency an account of their appropriate administrative records.